AATF Projects

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Striga Control

English

Striga (witchweed) is a parasitic weed that seriously constrains the productivity of staples such as maize, sorghum, millet and upland rice in Sub-Saharan Africa. Striga infests as much as 40 million hectares of smallholder farmland in the region and causes yield losses ranging from 20–80% and even total crop failure in severe infestation.

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Cowpea Improvement

English

The pod borer (Maruca vitrata) inflicts severe damage to cowpea leading to yield losses of between 70–80% in severe infestations. Spraying with insecticide has not been widely adopted by farmers due to the prohibitive costs. AATF is addressing this problem by facilitating the development of Maruca-resistant transgenic cowpea varieties, thereby minimising insecticide use and its effects on health and the environment.

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Banana Improvement

English

Banana bacterial wilt disease threatens production of banana in the Great Lakes region, leading to a 50% decline in household incomes from banana sales and a corresponding increase in banana prices. Disease control methods currently in use have not been successful and hence the need for exploring feasible alternatives. AATF has brokered access to a gene from Academia Sinica in Taiwan that is currently being used to transform bananas for resistance against BBW.

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Water Efficient Maize for Africa (WEMA)

English

Drought is the most important constraint of African agriculture severely af­fecting maize, the most important African staple food crop. The WEMA partnership was formed in response to a growing call by African farmers, leaders, and scientists to address the effects of drought in a way that is cost ef­fective to African smallholder farmers.

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Aflatoxin Biological Control

English

Mycotoxins are produced by fungal moulds that contaminate various agricultural commodities either before, during or after harvest.

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Nitrogen-Use Efficient, Water-Use Efficient and Salt-Tolerant Rice Project

English

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has for the last two decades been experiencing a continuous increase in rice consumption driven mostly by a shift in consumer preferences, urbanisation and rapid population growth.

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Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa (OFAB)

English

At the turn of this century, biotechnology emerged as a powerful tool that has contributed to increased agricultural productivity in many countries. Since 1996, biotechnology-derived crops have been commercially planted and their adoption has been increasing steadily.

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Cassava Mechanisation and Agro-Processing Project (CAMAP)

English

Cassava is an important food crop both for urban and rural consumers in Sub-Saharan Africa.

 

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Hybrid Rice: Breeding by Design Project

English

Rice consumption is increasing at about 8 percent a year in many Sub-Saharan African countries. However, the increase in yield per year is less than 6 percent, and in some cases it is decreasing.

 

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